When it is appropriate to use the term et al?

When it is appropriate to use the term et al?

When it is appropriate to use the term et al?

For references with three to five authors, list all the authors in the first citation of the work, but abbreviate using the name of the first author and et al. for any additional citations of the same work. For references with more than six authors, cite using the first author's name plus et al.

Is et al professional?

Et al. means “and others”, and abbreviates people in a list, while etc. can be used to abbreviate almost anything. A period is always used after et al., since the term is used to abbreviate the Latin term “et alii.” There are several rules, however, both formal and informal, that are required for proper usage of et al.

Should you use et al in an email?

Et al. is the abbreviated way to write the term. However, when you say it out loud, you should say the full term et alia or et alii. Another option is to say the English translation and others just like you might say for example when reading e.g., out loud.

What can I say instead of et al?

You can also simply say "and others", "and coauthors", "and collaborators", etc.

How do you use et al correctly?

Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

Can you use et al in bibliography Harvard?

If the work has four or more authors/editors the abbreviation 'et al. ' should be used after the first author's name. It is also acceptable to use 'et al. ' after the first author if the work has three authors.

Do I put a comma after et al?

Remember that there is no comma between the surname and "et al.," and the period goes only after the "al." The English translation of "et al." is "and others." ...

How is et al used in a sentence?

Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means "and others." An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, "The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al." which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article.

Is it rude to use et al?

Dear and hello are warm, positive words. Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don't fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

Does et al only apply to people?

should only be used to describe people. However, it is used (albeit infrequently) in reference to other things as well. Et al. is most commonly found in scholarly writing, especially when used to avoid having to list a number of different authors in a bibliography or footnote.

What is the proper use of et al?

  • The term et al. is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia,” which means “and others.” Et al. is commonly used in place of a list of names, whether of people or places, when the list would be exhaustive, or is simply not necessary. The most common use of et al. is found in essays, research papers, and legal writings.

How do you use et al in an email?

  • Informally Incorporate et al. into work emails. Avoid using et al. in general, everyday speech. It is generally used with academic writing and doesn’t translate well into speech. Don’t use et al. with a salutation.

What is the proper format of et al?

  • Et al. means “and others”, and abbreviates people in a list, while etc. can be used to abbreviate almost anything. A period is always used after et al., since the term is used to abbreviate the Latin term “et alii.” There are several rules, however, both formal and informal, that are required for proper usage of et al.

Is et al a salutation?

  • Don’t use et al. with a salutation. Most greetings, like “Dear,” are friendly in nature. The usage of et al., which may confuse readers because of usage and/or punctuation, is very stiff in nature, not friendly at all.

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